Cleanliness of rivers includes not just their water, instead the various flora and fauna living in them and thriving on their banks. Their collective health is imperative not only for the sustenance of the river system but also for the whole ecosystem. It is obvious that any effort towards cleaning rivers is impossible without active efforts by humans. Therefore we need to change our lifestyle and also encourage others to do the same for this noble cause. This is a two way approach — first, removing the garbage and waste product already present in the rivers, and second, to resist and stop any further waste from finding its way to rivers.
The pollutants discharged into a river could either be in solid or liquid form. The garbage accumulated on the bank of a river, the various waste products from industries, agriculture, offerings as part of religious ceremonies, effluents from domestic usage and human excreta constitute solid waste. On the other hand, the various effluents from industries or discharges from agriculture are termed as liquid waste. These pollutants could be hazardous or non-hazardous depending on the presence or absence of toxic elements in them.
There are several ways in which these pollutants might find their way in to the river water. The first and the most obvious pathway is the direct discharge in the river water. Such is the case with industrial discharges, human waste and religious ritualistic offerings. Besides, there are other type of waste which are not directly discharged into the river water, instead are dumped or accumulated by the riverside. Open defecation and dumping of waste, especially plastic waste, are a peculiar example. With rainfall, these waste products get washed off and end up in the river water. Another possibility is the seeping of ground water, which might be contaminated by pollutants of agricultural origin such as fertilisers or pesticides.
By proper planning and implementing insights from our experts we can constitute a sophisticated system of managing and segregating the waste around banks of rivers and other fresh water sources. This would help in preventing contamination in river basins and sustaining local flora and fauna.
The various efforts undertaken through this portfolio are classified into the following sub-categories: Domestic, Commercial, Industrial, Rural and Urban.